Symptoms and treatment of liver disease in dogs

The liver performs several vital functions. It produces and cleanses the blood, frees the body from waste, stores fats and carbohydrates, produces substances for digesting food.

Due to this load, the liver is subject to a variety of acute and chronic diseases. Leptospirosis and infectious hepatitis are acute and rather rare for dogs. More often dogs suffer from chronic liver diseases. Old dogs are primarily at risk.

A breeding liver disease such as copper toxicosis often occurs in the breed.

Causes of liver disease in dogs

Chronic liver disease is often caused by prolonged inflammations that weaken the entire body, bile duct disorders, in which bile enters the intestine from the liver. The incidence is strongly influenced by disorders of the immune system.

Even a cancer disease of any other organ adversely affects the health of the liver. Anatomical disorders are also not excluded. Hepatitis in dogs occurs as a result of exposure to the simplest parasite or the action of toxic substances. Hepatitis infections are:

  • the plague of dogs,
  • viral hepatitis
  • parvovirus enteritis,
  • listeriosis
  • salmonella,
  • leptospirosis,
  • colibacteriosis,
  • panleukopenia and other diseases.

The second group of hepatitis can be caused by:

  • toxins of pathogenic microbes, viruses and fungi,
  • spoiled food
  • poisonous plants and chemicals (nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, arsenic, zoocumarin, hexachloroethane, mercury).

Hepatitis occurring after improper use of immunostimulants, antibiotics, serums, insecticides and antiparasitic agents are also found.

Symptoms of liver disease in dogs

Each disease has its own special symptoms, but there are also general signs that not all is well with the pet's liver. It:

  1. weight loss due to refusal of food,
  2. vomiting
  3. excessive thirst
  4. drowsiness,
  5. on the mucous membranes noticeable yellowness, especially the whites of the eyes turn yellow,
  6. the dog may have diarrhea, while the feces look too pale,
  7. the animal becomes apathetic.

Symptoms of hepatitis consist of signs of a major infectious disease. More often it is the depressed state of the animal, an increase in body temperature, an increase and tenderness of the liver during palpation. Bilirubin levels increase in the blood. The body is poorly absorbed fat, digestion is upset, also increases the spleen.

Puppies often develop conjunctivitis, keratitis, rickets, and paralysis and convulsions of the limbs are common. With cirrhosis of the liver on the conjunctiva, as well as the mucous membrane of the nose and mouth manifest hemorrhages. The liver is enlarged and palpable beyond the last rib.

The pear shape of the abdomen is often observed due to the accumulation of transudate in the abdominal cavity. The most dangerous thing is that at that moment, when the symptoms become noticeable, about 80% of the liver can already refuse. Therefore, even with the appearance of some of the symptoms, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor and examine the animal.

Treatment and proper nutrition for the disease

Chronic liver disease in dogs is almost impossible to cure. Therefore, the doctor sets the main task - to weaken the effect of the symptoms and stop the further development of the disease. First and foremost, this requires a lifelong correct diet. Thanks to it, it is possible to drastically reduce the effect of harmful slags, which remain from the splitting of proteins.

Dietary food includes carbohydrates such as rice. Eggs are also needed. The daily ration is divided into 4-6 small portions. For dogs that eat dry food, a special diet food is well suited. The dog should lead a quiet life, not to overstrain.

Medications are selected depending on the symptoms and associated diseases. Treatment of hepatitis begins with the elimination of the primary cause of the disease and the daily hunger strike. Later exclude fatty foods from the diet, except water in the first days of treatment it is useful to give fish and meat broths. Intravenous injections of isotonic sodium chloride solution are useful to relieve body toxicity.

For the normalization of body temperature and pain syndrome appoint sedatives and painkillers:

  • Bellalgin,
  • besalol,
  • bakarbon,
  • bellastezin and others.

They also give gastrofarm, almagel, salicylates. Metabolism is improved by hepatoprotectors:

  • legalon
  • Silibor,
  • Essentiale Forte,
  • syreparom

In cases of toxic hepatitis and intoxication, they wash the stomach, put enemas with decoctions of herbs or disinfectants. In infectious etiology of hepatitis, sulfonamides and antibiotics are prescribed. For the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver, first eliminate the causes that contribute to its appearance. However, in the later stages of the disease, drug therapy is ineffective.

To prolong the life of the animal, hepatoprotectors are prescribed. Choleretic agents (allohol, convaflavin, zixorin), diuretics (furosemide, bearberry decoction, diacarb) are also useful, use vitamins A, C, D, E, group B.

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