The kidneys are excreted in the liquid form. However, sometimes this liquid crystallizes and stones are formed. Renal disease in dogs is quite rare.
Causes of illness
There are many reasons for the formation of kidney stones in dogs:
- poor nutrition,
- urine retention
- renal and urinary tract infections,
- congenital factors
- some medicines and vitamin supplements
- metabolic disease,
- violation of the nervous system,
- lack of vitamins A and D, etc.
Most often, stones are found in middle-aged buds. Dogs of such breeds as miniature poodle, miniature schnauzer, Yorkshire terrier, Lhasa Apso, Shih Tzu, Cocker Spaniel, Bichon are more prone to this disease.
Symptoms of kidney stones in dogs
The very first and most alarming symptom is the appearance of blood in the urine and pain when urinating. The dog becomes restless, because her kidneys hurt, she arches her back and walks a little crouched. Also, a sick dog may have diarrhea, vomiting, indigestion, and frequent urination.
If you experience similar symptoms, you should immediately contact a veterinarian and pass all the necessary tests. The location of the stones can be detected by radiological studies. Stones can be located both in the renal pelvis and near the opening of the ureters. The most dangerous situation is when the stones overlap the ureters.
Treatment of kidney stones in dogs
The best method of dealing with kidney stones is to remove them. It can occur in different ways. If there is a small stone or sand in the ureter, under general anesthesia it is washed with an antiseptic solution with a catheter. In advanced cases, urethrostomy is done - an artificial exit channel is created.
Cystotomy is even more difficult - abdominal surgery, in which large stones are removed completely. After the outflow of urine is restored, infusion therapy is carried out to relieve toxicity and restore water electrolyte balance. Up to two weeks of anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy.
If the disease is detected at the initial stage of renal colic, then the animal must be given peace and warmth to the kidney area. To prevent the continuation of the formation of stones, the dog ration is restricted in part of the meat (especially raw) and transferred to a varied milk diet.
You can water the animal with medicinal mineral water "Essentuki" or "Borjomi". If a lot of sand is found in the urine sediment, magnesium salts are prescribed. After the condition of the dog is stabilized, lifelong prophylaxis is mandatory.
To do this, select a diet (special medicinal dog food) and diuretic herbs. With natural feeding, you should avoid monotonous foods that are highly fortified with salts (milk, fish, various seafood, mineral supplements, etc.).
Drinking water for a dog must be boiled, you can add quite a bit of soda. Regularly and until the end of life, the animal must be examined by taking a urine test and an ultrasound scan of the kidneys.