All dogs have temporary, or so-called milk teeth. Puppies are born without teeth. Dairy appear at the age of one month. A total of 32: four canines, 12 incisors and 16 root.
Features of the change of milk teeth in dogs
From the third month of puppy's life, milk teeth begin to fall out, gradually giving way to permanent teeth. The incisors begin to change first. Under the root of the baby tooth, the root of the root begins to grow. The root of the baby tooth is absorbed and the tooth falls out.
Following the incisors, the molars fall out and, most recently, the canines. Milk fangs are usually highly developed and very sharp. They are saber-shaped and fragile. To complete the change of teeth should be six to seven months. In especially small dogs of decorative breeds such as toy terrier and chihuahua,
Large dogs change their teeth faster. At the same time, a puppy's disease or even the cupping of the ears can delay the shift and growth of the teeth. Permanent teeth grow along the path of least resistance, that is, along the channel that occurs after a baby tooth falls out. the change of milk teeth lags behind the average norms.
Therefore, if the milk tooth for some reason does not fall out, the permanent can grow into
the wrong place or not grow at all. And this is a serious obstacle both for participation in exhibitions and for the participation of dogs in breeding. Not falling out milk teeth need to be removed in time, making room for permanent.
Violation of the change of milk teeth in dogs
Changing milk teeth in dogs to permanent depends on the breed, as well as the characteristics of the content and feeding. Quite a frequent occurrence is already a breed predisposition to disrupt the change of milk teeth. Especially among the dwarf and small breeds, weighing up to eight kg.
Especially often such violations are seen in long and medium-sized dogs. This is due to the weak development of the chewing muscles, which leads to a strong decrease in the size of the gums when the teeth are not changed in size or shape. The reason for feeding the dog is loose and soft food, as well as a significant reduction in feed intake time.
So, if earlier the pet ate 20-30 minutes, then it eats soft canned food for dogs in 5 minutes, as a result, the load on the dentition of the animal is greatly reduced. Under such circumstances, a tooth change cannot occur without help. And now this trend is already observed in such breeds as
- toy terriers
- Italian greyhound
- Miniature Pinchers,
- scotch terriers,
- lapdogs, etc.
Also in recent years, cases of violation of the change of teeth in Dobermans, German and East European shepherd dogs, boxers, rottweilers, labradors have become frequent. The most frequent violations are: - partial or incomplete retention of milk teeth, in which almost all milk teeth are preserved, and permanent teeth erupt nearby; - temporary delay of the change of teeth, in which baby teeth completely fall out only by the age of one.
First of all, at the slightest suspicion of violation of the change of teeth, you should contact your veterinary dentist. Since lingering baby teeth need urgently, but very carefully removed.