Osteoporosis in dogs is a bone loss. It occurs due to the predominance of bone resorption processes over the processes of osteogenesis. Usually, the disease occurs in older dogs with a lack of calcium and phosphorus in the body.
In such a situation, the body begins to use minerals already deposited in the bones. This disrupts the structure of the musculoskeletal system. As a result, the limbs of the dog become particularly at risk of mechanical injury.
A dog suffering from osteoporosis can suffer serious damage, a bone fracture, even as a result of just a sudden movement. At the same time fractures heal very badly. On the basis of osteoporosis, it is not uncommon for a dog to develop arthritis and osteochondrosis, and then the pet loses its ability to actively exist. A sedentary lifestyle leads to rapid aging.
Symptoms of osteoporosis in dogs
One of the notable distinctive signs of the lack of necessary substances in the dog's body is appetite distortion. The dog suddenly begins to gnaw on wooden objects, furniture. She also has a disturbed digestive process: the dog's diarrhea alternates with constipation.
Later, weakness of the limbs becomes noticeable, lameness may appear, the gait becomes tense, painful. The animal is clearly difficult to get up. A month later, the joints begin to thicken, when probing the limbs, their tenderness is noted, the bones become bent and deformed.
The dog is increasingly lying, rarely getting up. The spine or pelvic limbs are most often affected. X-ray shows thinning of the cortical zone, weak mineralization of the skeleton and the presence of pathological fractures.
Treatment of osteoporosis in dogs
When the very first signs of the disease appear, the dog should be given vitamin-mineral preparations containing phosphorus, calcium and vitamin D. Also, the diet of the animal should be balanced on these components. The dog should more often take a walk in the sun, but limit physical exertion: jumping, walking on stairs.
The correct proportion in the ratio of calcium to phosphorus should be 1: 1. It should be noted that in many products there is much more phosphorus than calcium. For example, in the meat of phosphorus is more than 20 times. Therefore, a dangerous meat diet.
At the same time, excessive calcium intake can adversely affect the maturation process of cartilage, contributing to the occurrence of osteochondrosis or cervical spondylopathy. To reduce the symptoms of osteoporosis, combined calcium preparations are used: calcidi, irrigate Ca.
Also of interest are homeopathic preparations (for example, osteohel), which, with prolonged use, gently correct metabolic disorders in the bone tissue. Osteogenone is used in osteoporosis therapy, which stimulates osteogenesis.
Prevention of osteoporosis First of all, you must follow all rules of feeding the animal. Natural nutrition should be balanced, with carefully selected dressings from vitamins (especially D) and minerals (phosphorus and calcium).
When feeding with dry food, you need to choose a good balanced diet for each day, suitable for a dog by age and weight.