Many people who decide to have a companion dog think only about its size. There is a belief that all small dogs are kind, obedient and able to handle children. In fact, many miniature breeds are bred for completely different purposes.
For example, terriers and bassets are made for burrow hunting, which requires significant aggressiveness. The little dog is not necessarily calm and friendly.
These qualities must be sought from dogs of real domestic breeds, bred precisely to be companions, aided by their physical and psychological properties. Not all of these dogs are miniature, but they are all reliable in dealing with children, possess an innate intelligence and desire for cleanliness, as well as the ability to adapt to any conditions.
There are many domestic breeds, but one of them is probably known more than others. This is a poodle. A dog for everyone. It can be of different colors and sizes, even an inexperienced person in dog breeding can cope with it. Poodle is ideal for friendship with children and old people, peaceful with other animals. It is famous not only for its charm and beauty. He truly deserves the title of the smartest dog in the world.
Once he was a hunting dog, trained to bring game from the water. The ancestors of the modern poodle were considered to be tireless hunters with a coarse appearance and rebellious character. However, modern breeders, striving to derive a decorative dog on its basis, have created one of the most beloved breeds in the world. Many countries have tried to declare themselves her homeland. The dispute was won by France.
The Poodle is one of the oldest breeds of decorative dogs. Poodle-like dogs have been known since ancient times. Their images from the 12th and 13th centuries were on Roman and Greek coins, columns of the monastery of Mont-Real in Sicily, in the paintings of the cathedral in Reims.
Under the modern name, poodles have become famous since the 15th - early 16th centuries. This is evidenced by their numerous images preserved to our days in painting and sculpture. In the Baroque era and especially the Rococo poodle gained extraordinary popularity in all European countries. The first description of the poodle was made by Konrad Gessner in 1555, and after 7 years, Gunrath Forer already described three varieties of the poodle - a large, a dwarf and a multi-color.
The history of the origin of the modern poodle is not entirely clear. It is believed that it was formed as a result of the crossing of two old breeds of dogs. One of them was the German shepherd dog "sheep poodle" with a kind of curly coat. In addition to excellent guard qualities, this dog was indispensable when hunting for ducks, perfectly swam and scared the game.
The second ancestor is considered the "water dog", widespread in Spain. The hair of this dog was similar to cords and to facilitate its care on the body from the last ribs to the tail it was completely cut off. The water dog was also used by the Spaniards to hunt waterfowl. From these ancestors, the poodle received a sharp wit, docile temperament, peculiar coat and other qualities, thanks to which it became the most widespread in the world and popular among millions of dog lovers.
Poodles appeared originally in France and Belgium, then in Germany, from where they spread to other countries. At first they were used as guard dogs and for hunting waterfowl, mainly for searching and submitting to the owner of the killed bird. Lightweight and thick wool allowed him to easily float.
It is assumed that the name "poodle" comes from the German verb "paddeln", which means "to splash", "plop in the water" or from "pfundelhund" - water dog. And in fact, the poodle loves water. According to the first team of the owner, or if any object is thrown into the pond, he will rush into the water with pleasure and without hesitation.
Great popularity as decorative dogs poodles used in the Middle Ages in France. During the reign of Louis the 16th, the poodle was a favorite of the secular nobility, an ornament of fashionable salons and noble ladies. Elegantly and fancifully trimmed little poodles were so popular that they almost turned into a national symbol of the country.
By the 16th century, the poodle became extremely popular in almost all countries of the European continent and in England. English Prince Charles Rupert had his own poodle, trimmed under the lion, named Boy (Boy), which was brought to England from France. It was believed that this poodle had supernatural power and the ability to turn into royal children. He died in 1644 in one of the campaigns, defending the owner. The famous poodle Usach participated in campaigns and battles of the Napoleonic army and was awarded an order for the salvation of French soldiers and the regimental banner in the battle of Austerlitz.
Poodles constantly accompanied stray artists and participated in performances - showed tricks, collected abandoned coins, etc. To make it more spectacular, decorative and attractive, they began to make haircuts in different manners. In France and other countries, special hairdressing salons with experienced poodle haircutters were opened. Haircut poodles practice and now, adhering to one of the standards.
The poodle was the favorite dog of the French queen Marie-Antoinette. They say that she invented the haircut "lion", very similar to the lush and fancy hairstyles and clothes of the court ladies of that time.
From about the middle of the 18th century, poodles became very popular among Russian nobility, and especially among the ruling persons and their entourage. Catherine the 2nd was one of the first to receive a poodle from France as a gift. Gradually, the poodle won the sympathy of many thousands of dog lovers in Russia.
During World War II, poodles were used as mine seekers and for communication. Nowadays, a poodle is mostly an indoor decorative dog. However, in the Moscow club "Big Poodle" there are dogs for protective and guard duty, hunting for ducks, a hare and for filming.
In South Africa, a farm near Hillcrest is training a poodle as a conductor for the deaf, of whom there are more than 3 million people in this country. This idea originated from the owner of the farm Glynn Anderson and was supported by the National Council of the Deaf. In this capacity, the poodle has established itself perfectly.
Many famous people loved and kept poodles. In 1787, Ludwig van Beethoven composed the "Elegy" on the death of his poodle. Extravagant George Sand drove around in a carriage with two big champagne poodles with green bows on her head.
Winston Churchill was betrayed not only by his favorite cigars, but also by the little brown poodle Rufus, with whom they tasted chocolates. Poodle dedicated their works I.V. Goethe, A.I. Kuprin, S.Ya. Marshak. He was depicted on his canvases by Rembrandt, Albrecht Dürer and other famous painters.