Phlegmon is an acute purulent inflammation, accompanied by necrosis of loose fiber.
The cause for the occurrence of this disease in dogs is the ingestion of purulent and putrefactive microorganisms in the tissues. In addition, phlegmon can be a complication of purulent inflammations.
Types of disease
Depending on the location, it happens:
- as well as submucosa.
Symptoms of phlegmon in dogs
In the process of development of phlegmon in dogs, there are characteristic clinical signs. Thus, in the initial stage, swelling is formed in the form of hot inflammatory edema, which is thick and painful in consistency.
It should be noted that the skin at the same time is strained, its borders are smoothed. On palpation, it is determined that the temperature of the areas surrounding the inflammatory edema,
greatly enhanced. The animal has a sharp deterioration in general condition, depression is noted, the dog refuses to eat.
It should be noted that the body temperature of the animal is significantly increased, rapid pulse and, as a rule, breathing. Increasing leukocytosis is found in the blood, with an increase in the number of neutrophils. Subsequently, the swelling becomes sharply limited, necrotic foci appear.
At the same time, the amount of infiltration increases, intoxication of the organism occurs. For the diagnosis spend puncture.
Treatment of phlegmon in dogs
- Alcohol warming compresses are used in the initial stages. In the swelling zone, the tissues are cleaned, after which the inflammatory area is smeared with ichthyol.
- Intramuscularly prescribed antibiotics, such as farmazin, penicillin, and streptomycin.
- Dog without fail provide rest.
- In the later stages, phlegmon is opened, cutting through all the necrotic foci and thereby ensuring free flow to the infiltrate.
- After that, the wounds are washed with hydrogen peroxide, apply Vishnevsky ointment.
- In addition, prescribed antibiotics, as well as calcium chloride.
- To remove intoxication, a glucose solution is administered intravenously.
It should be remembered that treatment should be comprehensive. Prevention of phlegmon in dogs is the observance of the rules of asepsis and antisepsis during therapeutic measures, as well as the timely treatment of wounds.