The beagle Breed standard, characteristics

The standard indicates what an ideal dog of a particular breed should be.

It is published by a special club in the country where the breed was bred and, if there are several such clubs, then the oldest of them. Then the standard must be approved by the International Dog Association (FCI), after which breeders must strictly adhere to it when breeding a dog.

The beagle has the appearance of a strong pack dog of a compact structure.

He gives the impression of a refined dog that does not have any coarse features. He has a cheerful character, and his main occupation is hunting and tracking down the beast, primarily the hare on the trail. He is brave and cheerful, resolute and energetic, lively, intelligent, temperamental, loving and smart, does not demonstrate either aggressiveness or timidity.

The head is rather elongated without coarse features. In females narrower. There are no folds on the skin. The skull is slightly convex, moderately wide, with a small scallop on the back of the head. A well-marked stop divides the head into two, preferably equal parts: from the head to the foot and from the foot to the nose.

The muzzle is not tapered, the lips are lowered, the nose is wide, preferably black, but lighter dogs allow less pigmentation of the nose. Nostrils wide, open. The eyes are dark brown or walnut-colored, rather large, well set in orbits. Between them a great distance. The look is gentle and trusting. Ears are long, rounded at the ends. If you pull them forward, they reach the tip of the nose. The base is low enough. They hang gracefully along the cheekbones. Jaws strong, with a bite on the type of scissors and a full set of teeth. The upper incisors cover the lower, tight to them. The length of the neck should allow the dog to drop its nose low to the ground. The neck is slightly rounded with a little dewlap. The shoulders are sloping, not heavy. The forelegs are straight, vertically located under the body. The structure of the limbs is dense, the bones are rounded. It does not thin to the bottom. The wrist is short, and the elbows are strong, not turned inside or out.

The height from the elbow to the ground is approximately equal to half the height at the withers. The spine is straight and smooth. The chest comes down below the elbows. The ribs are curved and stretched towards the back. The loin is short, but at the same time proportional. She is strong and resilient. The stomach hardly stands out. The hind limbs are muscular, thick, protruding thighs and strong parallel tibiae. Paws are tight with strong joints and pads. Hare paws are considered a defect. Claws are short.

The tail is strong, of moderate length. Hanged high. The dog holds him with a sickle above his back, but he should never curl over to his back or lean forward towards its base. It is thickly covered with wool, especially at the bottom, which gives it the appearance of a brush. When moving, the back is horizontal and steady. The dog should not be bent in an arc.

A dog moves without effort. The front limbs are thrown away far and straight, not rising high. Hind limbs give a good push. The minimum height of withers is 33 centimeters, the maximum is 40 centimeters. Unfortunately the standard is just as superficial as all English standards. But some features that it does not mention at all or is mentioned casually, distinguish the high class beagle from the middle class beagle. For example, it is very important that the cranio-facial bones and the lateral bones of the muzzle are parallel. Another important point is pigmentation along the contour of the eye incision. As a joke they say that the beagle brings the eyes with mascara. This emphasizes the depth of view.

About the ears they say that they should reach the tip of the nose, but not be longer, so that the beagle does not resemble the Bloodhound or Bassett. When the dog is on guard, the ears should not be drooping. Their flat part is turned inside out and the whole look of the dog says that it is on the alert. Since power rather than elegance is appreciated in the beagle, his neck must be powerful. This trait is more noticeable in males than in females. A light basement, referred to in the standard, should be limited to two folds of wool that begin at the jaw and go down under the neck in parallel.

The loin is short, but the chest is long and well developed. The heart and lungs are conveniently located in it. Thus, the torso is rather long. Harmony in proportions is very important. The beagle should not have too short limbs, so as not to resemble a French or Swiss dachshund. It should not give the impression that it is too heavy or fragile. As for coloring, it can be a combination of white and black colors with any shades of brown up to orange or lemon. It is desirable that the face had a white mask, preferably a symmetric one.

The tip of the tail should be white, not just because of aesthetics. This allows the hunter not to lose sight of the dog, even in dense thickets. For the same reason, the beagle must bear the tail held high. A small dog with a lowered tail just disappears into the tall grass. Many advantages and disadvantages of the beagle become more apparent during his run.

The fore and hind limbs should move parallel to each other, which is not possible if there are defects such as a chest that is too wide or a body that is too narrow or a little muscular.



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