How did this dog appear so refined and so dissimilar to the ancient shepherd dog, whom we represent awkward and uncouth?
Little is known about the origin of the collie breed. The first mention of British dogs resembling collies are found in one of the books about dogs in the British Isles of the 1790 edition.
Perhaps the progenitors of the collie were shepherd dogs that landed in Britain along with Roman legionnaires. These dogs were most likely black. In one of the Scottish dialects "Kohl" means black. The word "collie" comes from a diminutive pet, meaning little black. According to one version, the dogs themselves were called that. According to another version of black-headed sheep. Probably black has dominated this breed for a long time.
Even after the publication of the book "Breed standards" for many years only black and white individuals got into it. Collie progenitors did not have a long, thin muzzle characteristic of modern dogs. This feature appeared only after crossing the first collie with dogs of other breeds. Perhaps one of them was a greyhound or a Russian livery. The long face of the collie is her merit. One thing is clear - the first collies were rude shepherds who were able to run back and forth all day, guarding a flock of sheep.
Collie retained all the psychophysical features that today would allow her to carry on her former service. But now for the protection of the herd it is used extremely rarely. It is rarely used for other types of services and for sports - not because it does not have the necessary qualities, but because, being afraid of caring for long hair, people prefer dogs of other breeds. So the modern collie is just our friend or dog for the show.
Only occasionally is it used as a service dog. But you can only regret, because the breed risks losing its natural abilities, which made it so valuable to the pastures of ancient Scotland.