In order to enjoy co-chow life, it is necessary to follow some basic rules of sanitation.
Long-haired Chow Chow dogs must be combed daily.. This operation also helps to identify skin diseases and external parasites. It is necessary to bathe a dog no more than 3 times a year, using special shampoos for coarse wool for this purpose.
To eliminate unpleasant odors, it is advisable to wash the dog's paws and the area under the tail more often. It is necessary to regularly trim the dog's claws, following the instructions of an experienced veterinarian. To clean the eyes and ears, you should use a sanitary napkin and a cotton swab. Special liquids are available for removing earwax and dirt from the inside of the auricle.
The chow-chow wool is cleaned with a special anti-wool brush in order to remove dirt and dust. It is advisable to comb the dog once a week, using a comb with large teeth in the direction of the wool, strand by strand. The hair on the hind legs, the backside and the tail should be cleaned without combing. Then, as the wool of the withers must be combed with a thin and frequent teeth. The same comb is used to remove obsolete hair.
To preserve the characteristic lion's appearance, you should regularly comb the hair in the direction of the muzzle. Care of the coat also serves to prevent possible infections caused by parasites, as mites, lice, fleas and itchiness can nest between the hairs and on the skin.
Various antiparasitic drugs in the form of collars, powder, aerosols, lotions and medicinal baths are on sale. Not everyone knows that chow-chows can make an excellent semi-finished product from soft wool for making beautiful and warm clothes.
To prevent possible diseases, the dog must be regularly shown to a reliable veterinarian. The guarantees of good dog health primarily depend on the proper prescription and administration of vaccinations. Vaccination against paroviorosis is done on the 6th and repeated on the 9th and 13th weeks and on the 6th month. Vaccinations against hepatitis and leptospirosis are made on the 8th week, the 3rd and 6th month of puppy life. Vaccination against rabies is done no earlier than the 6th month. Subsequently, these vaccinations are repeated annually. Among the internal parasites are the most common worms. Measures against worms are taken at the age of 20 days at the same time as the mother, and then repeated after about 15 days.
To control the appearance of intraintestinal parasites, it is necessary to pass feces for tests every 3 months. A particularly dangerous disease is cardiopulmonary filariasis, common in all humid areas with an abundance of mosquitoes. Parasites carried by the most common mosquitoes are introduced into the skin and into the pulmonary artery of a dog, leading to the death of the animal. Not rarely, symptoms appear late and are expressed in a significant decrease in the activity of the animal.
Vaccinations against cardiopulmonary filariasis do not exist. However, with the help of appropriate preventive measures, the larvae brought in by mosquitoes can be destroyed 30-60 days before the onset of the disease.