Sinusitis - inflammation of the dog in the maxillary sinus or both of them. The main cause of this disease is infection.
Through the nasal cavity (and sometimes through the blood), bacteria or viruses penetrate the maxillary sinus and cause an acute inflammatory process. There is swelling of the mucous membrane, which from the nasal cavity spreads to the maxillary sinuses and mucous openings.
The lumen leading to the nasal cavity closes. The dog can not breathe through the nose, it has pain in the sinuses. The mucus stagnates in the sinus and begins to inflame due to the development of viruses and bacteria. In turn, they produce toxins, which in the animal's body causes:
- loss of appetite, etc.
The mucus gradually turns into viscous pus. The causes of sinusitis can be long-term chronic diseases and allergic conditions, nasal septum deviation, adenoids, parasitosis, and polyps are possible. Most often, sinusitis - a complication of colds infections as a result of hypothermia.
Symptoms of sinusitis in dogs
The symptoms of this disease are similar to the symptoms of a strong and prolonged rhinitis. The dog has a stuffy nose, it cannot breathe it and as a result it breathes noisily through the mouth. Nasal discharge from the nose, often in the form of a thick mucus, sometimes green. With such signs, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis, and most importantly - to establish the cause of the disease.
It must be eliminated first. To diagnose a sinusitis in a dog, a smear is taken from the nose and an x-ray of the head is made from the side and straight. When sinusitis, he will show the darkening of the maxillary sinuses. You also need to pass a test of sensitivity to antibiotics.
Treatment of sinusitis in dogs
Sinusitis is good, but for a long time it is treated with antibiotics, which make injections. For example, you can use ceftriaxone vet. Injections are done for at least 10 days in doses recommended by the veterinarian. In the advanced case, it may be necessary to pierce and wash the maxillary sinuses.
During treatment, you can do inhalation. To do this, put a sprig of pine in a saucepan and pour boiling water over it. You can also add 10 drops of eucalyptus essential oil or any coniferous tree. The dog must be closed in a small room with an open pan for half an hour. Such inhalations can be done daily after an evening walk.